The operating system is the most essential software and acts as an interface between the user and the computer hardware. The operating system is a program suite and governs all processes and execution of software applications and acts as an interface between the computer user and the computer hardware. Computer hardware is controlled by the operating system.There are many Types of operating systems.

The operating system is already installed in the boot program. Users can quickly connect with a device using the Operating System. The key functions of the operating system are Memory Management, Cpu Management, Application Management, File Management, Support Error Detection, Coordination with other applications, and users. Any electronic hardware requires an operating system such as smartphones, notebooks, desktops, tablets, etc. We have a list of popular Types of operating systems used for this hardware.

Popular Types of operating systems

1.Microsoft Windows

Microsoft Windows has one of the largest markets in the world with a whopping over 90% market share. Windows was started on November 20, 1985, for MS-DOS in response to the growing interest in graphical user interfaces. Windows OS also came on Android devices but later on, it flopped. Windows has several updates to date and provides one of the best security updates. Almost all heavy games come on the Windows platform in personal computers.

All versions of all windows to date

1.Windows 1.0 (1985)
2.Windows 2.0
3.Windows 3.x (1990
4.Windows 95 (1995)
5.Windows 98 (1998)
6.Windows ME (2000)
7.Windows 2000 (2000)
8.Windows XP (2001)
9.Windows Vista (2006)
10.Windows 7 (2009)
11.Windows 8/8.1 (2012)
12.Windows 10 (2015)
13.Windows 10 S (2017)

2.Apple Mac OS

MacOS is based on the Unix OS. Mac OS by Apple Inc. is only exclusive for Apple devices. It is the second most widely used desktop OS after Windows. Classic Mac OS was the first operating system by Apple in 1984. While the first Desktop version, Mac OS X 10.0, was officially released in March 2004. NeXT, a company founded by Steve Jobs where the Mac OS was originated. MacOS is available in 39 languages.

MacOS is completely free fro Apple users. MacOs has one of the best user experience to date because of beautifully designed apps. Mac OS is considered to have one of the best privacy and security among the Operating system. It is inbuilt with Siri one of the best voice assistant.macOS have also support virtual and augmented reality.10.14 Mojave is the latest version of macOS.

3.Linux OS comes under Types of operating systems

Linux OS is one of the most-used open-source operating systems. Linux has been around since the mid-1990s. It is based on open-source Unix-like operating systems. Linux’s first initial release was on September 17, 1991. Debian, Fedora, Solus, Opensuse, Elementary OS, Manjaro, and Ubuntu are popular Linux distributions. One thing that differentiates Linux from other OS is that Linux is a graphical interface operating system.

Linux can be found everywhere smartphones, microwaves, thermostats, cars, refrigerators, and much because of its open-source feature. Even one of the famous Android OS is based on Linux. Linux is totally free anyone can use Linux no matter how much time they are using. Linux was created in 1991 by Linus Torvalds.

4.Android OS

A modified version of the Linux kernel Android. The mobile operating system Android was developed by Open Handset Alliance and Later taken by Google. Android was developed for smartphones and tablets. In November 2007, the first Android device was unveiled and commercially launched in September 2008. Android Open Source Project (AOSP) is free and open-source types of operating systems licensed under the Apache License.

Android is written in Java, C++, Python. Android was mainly developed for touchscreen phones. Android has a huge market capture of around 74.3% of the global market share. APK format is supported on Android and has Google Play Store where you get plenty of personalized apps and games for your choice. In 2020, Android was the most popular operating system for smartphones. Android has one of the best user interfaces on mobile platforms.

5.Solaris OS

Solaris is a proprietary Unix operating system that was initially developed by Sun Microsystems. It acquired the old SunOS company in 1993. In 2010, following the purchase of Sun by Oracle, it was renamed Oracle Solaris. Solaris Written in C, C++. Solaris was built as proprietary software. Oracle Solaris is the best business operating system for Oracle Database and Java applications, with improvements across CPU, memory, file system, I / O, networking, and protection providing the best database, middleware, and application performance for Oracle.

6.Fedora OS comes underTypes of operating systems

Fedora a Unix-like operating system is a Linux distribution developed by Fedora Project which is sponsored primarily by Red Hat, a subsidiary of IBM. Fedora is a free and open-source OS. Fedora was released on 6 November 2003. It is the best Open-source Types of operating systems for hardware, clouds, and containers. Fedora has an estimated 1.2 million users as reported in 2016.

7.Deepin OS

Deepin developed by Wuhan Deepin Technology Co., Ltd. is a Linux-based operating system. Deepin OS was released on 28 February 2004. It is built for various distributions like Arch Linux, Fedora, Manjaro, and Ubuntu. Deepin ships a mix of open-source and proprietary programs such as Google Chrome, Spotify, and Steam. It also includes a software suite of applications developed by Deepin Technology, as well as WPS Office and CodeWeavers’ CrossOver. Deepin 20 (1002) comes with a unified design style and redesigns the desktop environment and applications, bringing a brand new visual look.

8.Debian OS

Debian was begun in August 1993 by Ian Murdock, as a new distribution which would be made openly, in the spirit of Linux and GNU. Debian is a Linux distribution composed of free Types of operating systems and open-source software. Debian systems currently use the Linux kernel or the FreeBSD kernel. Debian comes with over 59000 packages. Debian will run on almost all personal computers, including most older models. Debian is used by a wide range of organizations, large and small, as well as many thousands of individuals.

9.Free BSD is Types of operating systems

UNIX inspired operating system Berkeley Software Distribution (FreeBSD) was based on Analysis of Unix. FreeBSD was released in 1993. It is an open-source types operating systems. FreeBSD is an operating system for a variety of systems that focuses on usability, speed, and stability. FreeBSD provides integrated connectivity, consistency, security, and compatibility. FreeBSD adds specialized network operating system capabilities to appliances and embedded platforms, from high-end Intel-based equipment to ARM, PowerPC, and MIPS hardware platforms. The FreeBSD initiative involves a security unit monitoring all applications distributed to base distribution platforms.

10.Chrome OS

Chrome OS is a Gentoo Linux-based operating system developed by Google from Chromium OS. It was released in July 2009 by Google. All software and user data exist in the cloud in Chrome OS. Chromebook, which arrived in May 2011 as the first laptop. Android apps can be conveniently linked from smartphones to laptops. Chrome OS has an embedded music player and a file manager.